Climate engineering is almost unknown in the general scientific communities in developing countries (perhaps with the exception of China) and totally unknown to the general public. Consequently, the importance of understanding the scientific and sociopolitical issues raised by SRM is underestimated in the Global South. The significant expansion of interest about SRM in many developed countries in last years hasn't been matched in developing countries. This is a major obstacle to having a broad, inclusive and equitable international discussion. Developing countries are generally the most affected by climate change and would be most affected by the use or rejection of SRM. They, therefore, have a major stake in the international governance of SRM and should be centrally involved in potential decisions about deployment. This panel will discuss the causes of the problem and will think through the best way to increase CE awareness in developing countries. The goal of this discussion is not to promote constituencies in favor or against SRM, but to increase awareness about the need for knowledge about the fundamental questions involved following the international debate.
Eduardo Viola holds a Doctorate in Political Science from the University of Sao Paulo (1982) and Post-Doctoral training in international political economy at the University of Colorado at Boulder (1990-91). He has been Full Professor at the Institute of International Relations, University of Brasilia, since 1993 and Senior Researcher of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). He is the coordinator of the CNPq Research Group “The International System in the Anthropocene and Climate Change”. Dr. Viola has been visiting professor in several international universities, among them: Stanford, Colorado at Boulder, Texas at Austin, Notre Dame, Amsterdam, Campinas and Buenos Aires. Dr. Viola is member of various international scientific committees. Dr. Viola has published eight books, more than eighty peer review articles in journals and more than fifty book chapters in several countries and languages on issues of Globalization and Governance, International Environmental Policy and Politics, Brazilian Climate Policy, and, International Political Economy of Energy and Climate Change.
Aphiya Hathayatham is Vice-President of the National Science Museum, Thailand. Since 1996 she has been working as the Director of various divisions of the National Science Museum, Thailand. Before, she held the position of Secretary to the Foreign Affairs Standing Committee, House of Representatives, Thailand. She is a co-opted Council Member in the Executivel Council of Asia-Pacific Network of Science and Technology Centres (ASPAC), member in the Global Network of Science Academies on Science Education Program (IAP SEP Global Council), and Vice Chair of the Association of Academies and Societies of Sciences in Asia (AASSA) Special Committee on SHER Communication (Science, Health, Environment, and Risk).
Aphiya Hathayatham received a Ph.D. in Science Communication from The Australian National University (ANU), Australia. She holds a M.Sc. in Seed Technology from Mississippi State University, USA, and a B.Sc. in Agriculture (Horticulture) from Kasetsart University, Thailand. Hathayatham received the Deepak Rathore International Award for Science Popularization 2015.
Paulo Artaxo is professor of environmental physics at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. He works with the effect of aerosols on the atmospheric radiation balance on the Amazonian ecosystem and in global scale. He also study the role of clouds in the global climate system. He was a lead author of IPCC WG1 AR4 and AR5.
Currently Professor of University of Nairobi; specialized in weed science and environment; former director general of National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) Kenya; former Chairman of Kenyatta University Council; Participated in several national and international fora i.e. UNFCCC, and various conventions; actively involved in indigenous knowledge and environment conservation; supervising several Master and PhD students in environmental researches; published books and papers on weed and environmental sciences.
Penehuro has a postgraduate degree in International Environmental Legal Studies and Bachelor of Science (Physics & Mathematics) degree. In his early career, he helped develop the language for the Kyoto Protocol and worked with negotiating teams during the UNFCCC Conference of Parties meetings. Later, he was the Climate Coordinator for the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme, a Pacific Climate Analyst with New Zealand’s National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research, and Scientific Officer of the World Climate Program in the World Meteorological Organization. As the lead author for the Chapter on Small Islands for Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, he earned a Nobel Peace Prize with his climate colleagues in 2007.